Component: Syntax | English exercises

Adjectives + To Infinitives

Some adjectives can be followed by the to-infinitive form of verbs to express feelings or reactions.

Agent in Passive Voice

Agent represents the person or a thing that performs the action, subject of an active sentence.

Alternatives to If

There are other conjunctions that we can to introduce conditionals.

Changes of Modal Verbs in Reported Speech

Some modals in reported speech also shift back in time just like tenses do.

Changes of Pronouns in Reported Speech

While using reported speech, we change the first person pronouns according to the subject of the reporting verb.

Changes of Tenses in Reported Speech

While using reported speech, we shift the sentence’s tense back.

Comparisons with Adjectives and Adverbs

The comparison of adjectives and adverbs is used to compare things, people or actions, expressing the equalities or inequalities...

Comparisons with Like

Like as a verb is used to express things we enjoy and take pleasure in.

Conditional with Wish and If only

If only and wish are used to show our regrets or wishes in the past and the present and...

Conditional with Would Rather

When we want to express preferences, we use would rather.

Degree Modifiers with Superlatives

Superlative adjectives/adverbs are determiners used to make a comparison between things, people or actions, expressing the superiority of one...

Direct Speech vs Reported Speech

Direct speech is the depiction of the original words.Reported speech is when we want to report one person’s speech...


Ellipsis takes place when we omit words to avoid repetitions or when the meaning can be understood without them.

Exclamatory Sentences

Exclamatory sentences are used to express strong feelings (anger, surprise, pain, pleasure…).

First Conditional

A conditional sentence is usually composed of two parts: the if-clause (or conditional clause) that expresses the condition, and...

How Many and How Much

How many is used to ask questions about the quantity of a countable noun.How much is used to ask...

Inanimate Possessive Case in Time Phrases

The possessive case is used to talk about things that belong to a person, an animal or a thing.We...

Independent and Dependent Clauses

An independent clause is a group of words with a complete meaning, while a dependent clause is a group...

Indirect Closed Questions

We usually put indirect closed questions in the yes/no form.

Indirect Orders

We use indirect orders to avoid direct orders and when we want to make a request in a more...

Indirect Questions

Indirect questions are used in formal situations where we may need to ask something from someone we don’t know...

Inversion after Negative and Restrictive Expressions

We use inversion when there are negative or restrictive expressions.

Inversion in Conditional Sentences

Inversion is used in conditional sentences to make sentences more formal.

Irregular Comparatives and Superlatives

There are some adjectives and adverbs with irregular comparative and superlative.bad (adj.); badly (adv.); worse; the worst

Modifiers of Comparisons

We can modify adjectives and adverbs in comparative forms in order to intensify the degree of certain words and...

Narrative Tenses

We find narrative tenses in stories and past events.

Nobody, Nothing and Somebody (Indefinite Pronouns) in Question Tags

We use question tags in different ways, depending on the kind of indefinite pronoun we use.

Nominalization of Adjectives

We use nominalization to turn verbs and adjectives into nouns in order to use them as subjects or objects...

Omission of Articles

Omission of articles are allowed in some cases.

Omission of Relative Pronouns

Relative pronouns can be omitted when they are not the subject of the clause.

Passive Structure

The passive form expresses the idea of something or someone receiving an action or experiencing a particular event or...

Passive Voice Verbs with To-Infinitive + Object

After passive verbs, we could find the to-infinitive + object structure.

Possessive with Gerund

When a noun comes before the gerund, we can apply the possessive case to that noun.

Question Tags after Imperatives

We use question tags after imperatives to ask people to do things in a more polite way (instead of...

Question Tags after Negative Adverbs

Some adverbs have negative meanings (hardly, never, rarely, etc.). So we use positive question tags.

Question Tags formation

A question tag is a short question at the end of a sentence which is used to check information,...

Questions in Reported Speech

Questions in reported speech don’t have inverted order, we use the normal word order.

Questions with Like

Like as a verb is used to express things we enjoy and take pleasure in.Like can also be used...

Questions with Shall…?

Shall is a modal verb used in question form to ask for instructions or for formulating requests in a...

Reported Speech with Advices, Offers, Orders, Promises

Reported speech can be used for conveying advice, offer, order and promise.

Second Conditional

We use the second conditional to talk about situations that are impossible or unlikely to happen.

So that vs So … that

So that and so…that are two different, though similar, constructions which express different things.So that highlights the consequences of...

Subject and Verb Agreement

The subject and verb agreement is a situation in which the subject and a verb accord in number.

Subject in Imperative sentences

The Subject in the imperative clauses is always the same (you).


Suffixes are segments added to the end of words to form a new one.

Superlative of Adjectives and Adverbs

The superlative adjectives/adverbs are used to make a comparison between things, people or actions, expressing the superiority of one...

Third Conditional

We use the third conditional to talk about situations that didn’t happen in the past and the supposed results...

Verb Agreement with Indefinite Pronouns

With verb agreement also indefinite pronouns are followed by singular verbs.

Verbs with Two Objects – Passive Voice

After some verbs, we could find two objects in the active voice, but in the passive voice, those objects...

Wh- Questions in Future Form

Wh- questions always begin with one of the wh- question words (interrogative pronouns), which show what kind of information...

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